what is haemorrhoids (piles)?
Haemorrhoids, also commonly known as piles (Buasir in Bahasa Malaysia and 痔疮 in Chinese), is a common disease amongst both males and females. Healthy haemorrhoids contribute significantly to the closure of the anus as a vascular cushion. The anus is first and foremost controlled by an internal sphincter muscle. By attaching to the muscle, haemorrhoid cushions are there to prevent leakage in a controlled manner.
During one’s lifetime, individuals might experience one or more episodes of enlargement or dropping of these cushions. Haemorrhoids become symptomatic when they become swollen, or inflamed veins developed around the anus in the lower rectum. Generally haemorrhoids are divided into 2 categories – internal and external haemorrhoids.